Because of the specific geographical location between different biogeographic regions, Croatia is a country with an above average variety of land, sea, and underground habitats. There are eight national parks and 11 natural c rparken, Croatia This has an enormous wealth of protected species, some of which find their last European refuge, such as the brown bear in the Velebit Mountains, the Mediterranean dolphin and manatee in Kvarner, herds of wild horses , the griffon vulture on the rocks of Cres or white storks in the village Čigoš in Posavina.
What number of species of flora concerns Croatia is among the richest countries in Europe . As a variety , with some locations up to 3000 plant species such as Velebit and Kvarnereilanden , is extremely rare to find and certainly an area of such a small country like Croatia . Pristine green landscapes of Gorski Kotar and Lika , or the south of Istria are of exceptional ecological value and the concentration of protected nature parks are invaluable to numerous endemic species . For lovers of orchids - a special note: in the extreme south of Istria , between many species of orchids , grows a special kind of endemic Istrian Serapias ( Serapias istraca ) , so far found nowhere else but here .
The blue color of the small Adriatic Sea, which is 783 km long , is truly the most beautiful of the Mediterranean area. The sea has a total length of 7868 km ( including islands ), of which less than 74% in Croatia is ( 5835 km ) . The visual depth to 56m in the open sea , and the coast to 5m . The sea is the most shallow in the north , along the coast of Istria , with about 50m. In Palagruža goes up to 250m depth , and at the farthest island Jabuka it to 1300m . The average surface temperature of the sea water is 22-27 ° C in the summer and winter, the lowest temperature is approximately 7 degrees . In the spring it is a pleasant 18 degrees